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All You Need to Know About Horizontal Slurry Pumps: Types, Applications, and Benefits

All You Need to Know About Horizontal Slurry Pumps: Types, Applications, and Benefits

As one of the most popular pumping technologies in the mining, construction, chemical, and other industries, horizontal slurry pumps offer reliable and efficient solutions for handling abrasive and corrosive slurry fluids. In this blog, we'll introduce you to the basics of horizontal slurry pumps, including what they are, how they work, and what their benefits and applications are. 

What Is a Horizontal Slurry Pump?

A china horizontal slurry pump is a type of centrifugal pump that uses a rotating impeller to create a centrifugal force and move slurry fluids through the pump casing. The impeller rotates inside a volute or casing, generating a low-pressure area at the center and high-pressure areas at the outer edges. This pressure difference causes the slurry fluid to flow into the impeller eye and be thrown outwards towards the casing wall. From there, the fluid is discharged through a discharge pipe or flange.

Horizontal slurry pumps are typically designed to handle highly abrasive and corrosive fluids, such as sand, gravel, coal, and ore slurries, as well as chemical and wastewater slurries. They are suitable for medium to high flow rates and medium to high pressure applications, depending on the specific model and configuration.

Types of Horizontal Slurry Pumps

There are two main types of horizontal slurry pumps: single stage horizontal slurry pump and multistage horizontal slurry pump. A single stage pump typically has one impeller and volute or casing, while a multistage pump has two or more impellers and volutes or casings. The advantage of a multistage pump is that it can achieve higher pressure heads and flow rates by increasing the number of stages.

Advantages of Horizontal Slurry Pumps

Some of the key benefits of horizontal slurry pumps include:

- High efficiency: Horizontal slurry pumps are designed to minimize energy consumption and maximize flow and pressure performance, thanks to their streamlined impeller and volute or casing design.

- Heavy-duty construction: Horizontal slurry pumps are typically made with high-strength, wear-resistant materials, such as alloy steel, cast iron, or rubber, to withstand the abrasive and corrosive nature of slurry fluids.

- Easy maintenance: Horizontal slurry pumps are relatively easy to maintain and service, with many standard components available off-the-shelf and straightforward procedures for impeller and seal replacement.

- Versatility: Horizontal slurry pumps can handle a wide range of slurry fluids and conditions, from low to high viscosity, from low to high solids content, and from low to high specific gravity.

Applications of Horizontal Slurry Pumps

Horizontal slurry pumps have a wide range of applications in industries such as:

1. Mining and mineral processing: The pumps are used to transport ore slurries, tailings, and other byproducts of mining operations, as well as for dewatering, cyclone feed, and other processes.

2. Chemical processing: The pumps are used in chemical and petrochemical plants to transfer viscous and corrosive liquids, such as acids, alkalis, solvents, and polymers.

3. Construction and excavation: The pumps are used in construction and excavation projects to dewater excavations, trenches, and other sites, as well as for concrete pumping and material handling.

4. Wastewater treatment: The pumps are used in wastewater treatment plants to transfer sludge, biosolids, and other solids-bearing fluids, as well as for digester feed and filtrate pumping.

5. Power generation: The pumps are used in power generation plants to transfer coal, ash, and other materials, as well as for circulating cooling water and handling flue gas desulfurization (FGD) slurries.

Single Stage Horizontal Slurry Pump vs Multistage Horizontal Slurry Pump

Single stage and multistage horizontal slurry pumps differ in several key aspects such as design, efficiency, flow range, and pressure range. Single stage pumps have only one impeller and volute, while multistage pumps have multiple impellers and volutes separated by diffuser or guide vanes. Multistage pumps are suitable for higher pressure applications as they can generate pressure incrementally through each impeller stage. In contrast, single stage pumps are suitable for medium to high flow rates and medium to high pressure applications.

Horizontal Slurry Pump Selection

Selecting the appropriate horizontal slurry pump requires considering several factors such as flow rate, pressure head, slurry fluid properties, and materials of the impeller and casing, seal type, and shaft alignment. The flow rate depends on the volume of the fluid to be transported in a specified amount of time. The pressure head required is the difference between the pressure at the pump's inlet and outlet, which governs the pump's head capacity. The slurry fluid properties such as viscosity, solid content, and specific gravity impact the selection of materials for the impeller and casing. Seal types vary from gland packing and mechanical seals to lip seals and expeller seals. Finally, proper shaft alignment is required for smooth operation and to avoid potential damage to the equipment and pipeline.


Horizontal slurry pumps are a reliable and efficient solution for handling abrasive and corrosive slurry fluids in various industrial applications. By understanding their types, working principle, benefits, and applications, you can make a better-informed decision when selecting the right pump for your needs. With the right maintenance, support, and customization, horizontal slurry pumps can deliver optimal performance and value for your business.

AllPumps offers different kinds of industrial pumps for sale, contact us today for more information on our range of pumps and their applications.